Millipede species introduced to Australia

See below for a summary of published and museum records. For more information about millipedes introduced to Tasmania, go to the Tasmanian Multipedes website. See also the picture-key to the millipede orders found in Australia.


JULIDA

Order Julida Brandt, 1833
Family Blaniulidae C.L. Koch, 1847
Subfamily Blaniulinae C.L. Koch, 1847
   Blaniulus Gervais, 1836
   Blaniulus guttulatus (Fabricius, 1798)
      Norfolk Is: Johns (1966: 61)
      Tas: Evans (1943: 83), Mesibov (2000: 25)
Subfamily Choneiulinae Brolemann, 1921
   Choneiulus Brolemann, 1921
   Choneiulus palmatus (Nĕmec, 1895)
      Tas: QVMAG specimens identified by H. Enghoff and H. Read
Subfamily Nopoiulinae Verhoeff, 1911
   Nopoiulus Menge, 1851
   Nopoiulus kochii (Gervais, 1847)
      WA: WAM specimen identified by H. Enghoff
Family Julidae Leach, 1814
Subfamily Julinae Leach, 1814
Tribe Brachyiulini Verhoeff, 1909
   Brachyiulus Berlese, 1884
   Brachyiulus lusitanus Verhoeff, 1898
      SA: Baker (1985a: 51), Jeekel (1985a: 36)
      WA: specimens in WAM identified by H. Enghoff
   Brachyiulus pusillus (Leach, 1815)
      Norfolk Is: Johns (1966: 61)
      SA: Baker (1985a: 51)
      Tas: Jeekel (1981: 20), QVMAG records
Tribe Cylindroiulini Verhoeff, 1930
   Cylindroiulus Verhoeff, 1894
   Cylindroiulus brittanicus (Verhoeff, 1891)
      Tas: Jeekel (1981: 20)
   Cylindroiulus latestriatus (Curtis, 1845)
      Tas: Mesibov (2000: 25)
      WA: WAM records
Tribe Leptoiulini Lohmander, 1936
   Ophyiulus Berlese, 1884
   Ophyiulus pilosus (Newport, 1843)
      Tas: Mesibov (2000: 25)
   Ophyiulus targionii Silvestri, 1898
      SA: Baker (1985a: 51), Jeekel (2000b: 65)
      Tas: QVMAG records
      Vic: Norton et al. (2015: 72), MV records
Tribe Ommatoiulini Hoffman, 1980
   Ommatoiulus Latzel, 1884
   Ommatoiulus moreleti (Lucas, 1860)
      ACT: ANIC records
      NSW: AM records
      SA: Baker (1985a: 252)
      Tas: Baker (1985c: 252), QVMAG records
      Vic: Baker (1985c: 252), Norton et al. (2015: 72), MV records
      WA: Baker (1985c: 251), WA: WAM records


POLYDESMIDA

Order Polydesmida Pocock, 1887
Suborder Polydesmidea Pocock, 1887
Family Haplodesmidae Cook, 1895
   Cylindrodesmus Pocock, 1889
   Cylindrodesmus hirsutus Pocock, 1889
      Christmas Island: Jeekel (2006d: 62)
   Prosopodesmus Silvestri, 1910
   Prosopodesmus jacobsoni Silvestri, 1910
      Christmas Island: Jeekel (2006d: 62)

Family Opisotretidae Hoffman, 1980
   Solaenaulus Attems, 1940
   Solaenaulus butteli (Carl, 1922)
      Christmas Island: Jeekel (2006d: 61)

Family Polydesmidae Leach, 1815
   Brachydesmus Heller, 1858
   Brachydesmus superus Latzel, 1884
      SA: Baker (1985a: 51)
      Tas: Mesibov (2000: 25)

Family Pyrgodesmidae Silvestri, 1896
   Aporodesminus Silvestri, 1904
   Aporodesminus wallacei Silvestri, 1904
      NSW (Sydney): Adis et al. (1998: 376)

Suborder Strongylosomatidea Brölemann, 1916
Family Paradoxosomatidae Daday, 1889
Subfamily Paradoxosomatinae Daday, 1889
Tribe Orthomorphini Brölemann, 1916
   Orthomorpha Bollman, 1893
   Orthomorpha coarctata (De Saussure, 1860)
      NT (Darwin): Jeekel (1982b: 131)
      Qld (Brisbane, Hamilton Island): QM specimens
      WA: WAM records
      Christmas Island: Jeekel (2006d: 61)

Tribe Sulciferini Attems, 1898
   Oxidus Cook, 1911
   Oxidus gracilis (C.L. Koch, 1847)
      SA: Baker (1985a: 51)
      WA: WAM records


POLYXENIDA

Order Polyxenida Lucas, 1840
Family Lophoproctidae Silvestri, 1897
   Lophoturus Brolemann, 1931
   Lophoturus madecassus (Marquet and Condé, 1950)
      WA: Barrow Island (Car et al. 2013)
Family Polyxenidae Lucas, 1840
   Polyxenus Latreille, 1802/03
   Polyxenus lagurus (Linnaeus, 1758)
      Vic: Melbourne and Geelong areas (M. Short records)


SPIROBOLIDA

Order Spirobolida Cook, 1895
Suborder Spirobolidea Cook, 1895
Family Spirobolellidae Brölemann, 1913
   Spirobolellus Pocock, 1894
   Spirobolellus claviger (Verhoeff, 1939)
      Philip Island: As synonym Spirobolellus philiporum; see Jeekel (1986: 44)

Suborder Trigoniulidea Brölemann, 1913
Family Pachybolidae Cook, 1897
   Xenobolus Carl, 1919
   Xenobolus carnifex (Fabricius, 1775)
      "New Holland": As synonym Spirobolus ruficollis; see Newport (1844a: 269)

Family Trigoniulidae Attems, 1909
   Leptogoniulus Silvestri, 1897
   Leptogoniulus sorornus (Butler, 1876)
      Christmas Island: Shelley and Lehtinen (1999: 1388), Jeekel (2006d: 60)
      Cocos-Keeling Islands: Shelley and Lehtinen (1999: 1386, 1388)
   Trigoniulus Pocock, 1894
   Trigoniulus corallinus (Gervais, 1847)
      Christmas Island: Jeekel (2001b: 76)


SPIROSTREPTIDA

Order Spirostreptida Brandt, 1833
Family Cambalopsidae Cook, 1895
   Hypocambala Silvestri, 1897
   Hypocambala exocoeti (Pocock, 1888)
      Christmas Island: Jeekel (2006d: 60)